Marking a significant improvement, India’s infant mortality rate has recorded a significant decline aover the last decade. There has also been a rise in sex ratio with Haryana showing marked progress and the population rate has also recorded an increase. The study which was conducted by National Family Health Survey also asserted that the population rate has been showing a positive change.
"The results show that if we invest and design good programmes in health, results will follow," health secretary C K Mishra said.
The sex ratio at birth has recorded an improvement nationally with 919 females born against 1,000 males during 2014-15 as against 914 females per 100 males in 2005-06. The figures are commendable in Haryana which recorded a sex ratio of 836 females per 1,000 males in the survey in 2014-15 as opposed to 762 females per per 1,000 males during 2014-15.
In another laudable achievement, infant mortality rate declined from 57 to 41 per 1,000 live births between the third and the fourth phase of the survey. The institutional deliveries recorded a growth of 40 percentage points from 38.7% in NFHS 3 to 78.9% in NFHS 4. Even in public health facilities, institutional births increased by 34.1% during the period. The immunisation coverage across the country improved to almost 70% of fully immunised children at present from 44% in 2005-06.
India's total fertility rate declined to 2.2 from 2.7 over the last decade which is close to the replacement level of 2.1. Uttar Pradesh registered the maximum decline in total fertility rate which dropped from 2.7 to 1.1 over a period of eight years.
Other health indicators also recorded positive growth. There is a 10 percentage point decline in stunting from 48% during the third phase of the survey to 38.4% in the fourth round. Percentage of under-weight children declined from 42.5% to 35.7% in eight years. There has also been a substantial decline of anaemia among children aged 6-59 months as it declined from 69 per cent in NFHS-3 to 58 per cent in NFHS-4.
The proportion of women who received at least 4 antenatal care visits for their last birth has increased by 14 percentage points from 37 per cent to 51.2 per cent over the decade (2005-15), while there has been a considerable increase of 20 or more percentage points in seven states.